India is one of the worldâ€™s fastest growing automobile markets and is poised to become the third largest passengerâ€™s car market by 2020 (Philip, L. 2016, Economic Times). The recorded sales growth of 4 wheelers like passenger car & utility vehicle has also risen up to 7.87 % and 6.25% respectively during April-March 2016 (SIAM, 2015-16). But what makes a car maker like Japanâ€™s Maruti Suzuki and Koreaâ€™s Hyundai enjoys more than 67% of market share while others like US car makers Ford India and General Motors combined market share is just 4-5%(Philip,L.2016,The Economic Times). Sales in the North & East region have evidenced only 5%of changes in the FY16 which is comparatively lower than the west & south region (Khan,A.N,2016, The Economic Times). The Japanese car makers(Honda, Hyundai, Isuzu Motors, Nissan &Toyota) achieved an average of 48.01% of growth till July 2016 having a better stand from the Indian car makers (Hindustan Motors, M&M,M&S, Tata & Force motors) i.e. 6.74% (Autocar Pro News Desk, July 2016). In this study the researcher explored the causes how a customer become a diehard fan of any brand and advocate for the brand with its strong features and create a great WOM for company which is an organic marketing strategy.Keywords: Brand evangelism, Brand evangelist, Opinion leadership, brand personality, Brand Recognition, Brand Satisfaction.
This study examined the effect of capital structure on profitability of listed insurance firms in Nigeria for the period of 2013-2017 The study used correlational research design. Data were collected from the published annual financial reports of studies listed insurance firms in Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of the 28 listed insurance firms. The sample size was fifteen (15) listed insurance firms in Nigeria. The data collected were analyzed with the aid of OLS multiple regression technique. Using 75 firm-year paneled observations, the result of the ordinary least square regression showed that short-term debt has a negative and significant effect on the profitability of listed insurance firms in Nigeria while long-term debt and premium growth have positive and significant effect on profitability of listed insurance firms in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the management of listed insurance firms should strive towards having optimum capital structure by increasing their equity level and reducing dependence on debts so as to avoid being cash strapped and debt ridden.Keywords: profitability, short-term debt, long-term debt an premium growth.
A new interest in the implementation of Metacognitive Learning Strategies (MLS) to effective activities in mathematics teaching has emerged and a number of claims are made regarding to the effectiveness of students understanding. These literacies are considered as instructional with great potential. The suggested positive outcomes and effects have been mentioned repeatedly. In this review the effective activities are learned in order to gain more insights into conditions where methods can be used, effectively and give positive impact to students in mathematics learning. Systematic literature search in databases was conducted. Some studies reported effective activities that have a positive impact on learning, studentsâ€™ concept understanding and studentsâ€™ thinking skills.Keywords: metacognitive, metacognitive learning strategies, activity-based learning in mathematics, impacts.
It is the policy to support the modernization of the Nation's electricity transmission and distribution system to maintain a reliable and secure electricity infrastructure that can meet future demand growth and to achieve each of the following, which together characterize a Smart Grid: (1) Increased use of digital information and controls technology to improve reliability, security, and efficiency of the electric grid. (2) Dynamic optimization of grid operations and resources, with full cyber-security. (3) Deployment and integration of distributed resources and generation, including renewable resources. (4) Development and incorporation of demand response, demand-side resources, and energy-efficiency resources. (5) Deployment of `smart' technologies (real-time, automated, interactive technologies that optimize the physical operation of appliances and consumer devices) for metering, communications concerning grid operations and status, and distribution automation. (6) Integration of `smart' appliances and consumer devices. (7) Deployment and integration of advanced electricity storage and peak-shaving technologies, including plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles, and thermal storage air conditioning. (8) Provision to consumers of timely information and control options. (9) Development of standards for communication and interoperability of appliances and equipment connected to the electric grid, including of the infrastructure serving the grid. (10) The identification and lowering of unreasonable or unnecessary barriers to adoption of smart grid technologies, practices, and services" in markets.Keywords:
Due to inaccessibility of fossil fuels, renewable energy sources are playing a vital role for generation of electric power. In near future around world 45% required energy is being produced by photovoltaic system. Moreover, due to non-linear characteristics of PV system, output power depends on irradiance level and temperature. Therefore maximum power point tracking is required to make the produced energy more effective. In recent year various MPPT algorithms are discussed for grid connected PV systems. In this paper a P&O method of MPPT is employed for maximum extraction of power from the PV system. Regardless of the variable irradiance the P&O method is very fast for maximum extraction of power from the PV system. In present work the boost converter is working as a MPPT and a three phase voltage source inverter (VSI) are connected to the grid. Space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) is proposed for generation of gating pulses for voltage source inverter. The control of inverter regulates the injected current magnitude to the function of generated power. The performance of proposed control is verified using MATLAB/simulink environment. Tracking efficiency is improved by fast and precise response of the proposed control. The injected active power is very close to generated power and reactive power oscillates around zero to make power factor unity.Keywords: Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Photo voltaic array (PV array). Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM), Voltage Source Inverter (VSI).
Nowadays, the empowerment of women is a progressive and most argumentative issue around the whole world. It is a worldwide concept and not an easy or straightforward process, rather it is a time being process of where awareness, alternatives, resources, voice, agency, and participation are essential for the empowerment of women. Empowerment of women depends on the countryâ€™s cultural, social, economic and political aspects. Half of the population of Bangladesh are women and their economic participation has increased significantly. The purpose of this study is to explore the women empowerment situation and overall development through equal and active participation in the socioeconomic activities in the viewpoint of Bangladesh. This study also identified the factors that facilitate the improvement of women empowerment through reviewing the literature and secondary data which focuses on the empowerment of women.Keywords: Bangladesh, empowerment, women and development.