The objective of this study is to examine the effects of entrepreneurship traits on the performance of MSMEs .Simple random sampling procedures were used and a sample of 151 MSMEs were selected for the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on entrepreneur and firm characteristics affecting success of MSMEs. The data were sought and analyzed using SPSS statistical package analysis. Based on the findings derived managerial competence, educational qualifications, work experience, location, size of the firm, period the enterprise has operated and business sector all have statistically significant positive effects on the success of MSMEs in the Tamilnadu state.Keywords: MSMEs, Entrepreneurship traits, Managerial competence, Work experience.
Work-Life balance is a concept with several connotations and varied consequences within and among different stakeholders. Concerns about work-life balance have become salient for number of reasons. Over the past two decades the issue work-family and work-life balance have received significant attention from employers and employees mainly in IT industry. A study on work-life balance in the IT sector seems to be needed in this recent time, taking into consideration the high work and time which demands upon employees, thus creating a necessary environment to balance work and personal interests. A study on work-life balance of employees was conducted in IT organizations in Chennai and the objective of the study is to find out the causes of disproportionate work-life balance, the benefits for the individual and the organizations in enabling a proper balance between work and life. This study also recommends few suggestions on strategies that can be implemented by the organizations for better work life balance.Keywords:
The integrated teaching programme in enhancement of problem solving Skills amongst teacher trainees were assessed by administrating standardized and self prepared tool, problem solving skill and reaction towards integrated teaching programme respectively. The study was conducted on 40 teacher trainees of the registered coeducation teacher training institute of Aligarh district, Uttar Pradesh. The process included intervention programme for four weeks. The issues included to problem solving skill based through integrated teaching programme. The findings revealed that Integrated Teaching Programme highly enhanced problem based learning.Keywords: Problem solving, integrated teaching, Teacher trainees.
For physics learning, laboratory plays very active and significant role as it is essential to develop scientific processing skills. Students are continuously required to identify the hidden concepts, definition and explanation underlying laws and theories using high level reasoning skills. It is time and again observed that traditional real time physics laboratories have some limitations and problems in developing scientific processing skills. In the present given scenario of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), virtual laboratory through computer simulation based methods of teaching physics is emerging as on the most powerful method of experimentation in laboratory. The present study was conducted to see the effectiveness of virtual laboratory on Studentsâ€™ skills development in physics. In the study, 208 students of â€œ+2â€ levels in science were selected. Purposive sampling techniques were used to select samples in two different groups (103-control group, 105-experimental group). The findings of the present study clearly revealed that students learnt concepts of photoelectric effect through virtual laboratory in a better way as compared to real laboratory. The study also suggested the use of virtual laboratory in physics teaching, visualization, graphical representation, especially for teaching of concepts in physics.Keywords: Physics Learning, ICT, Virtual Laboratory.
Rise in literacy creates a pool of candidates with different competencies. Modern organisations are facing many challenges to employ the right person at the proper place. Since organisations have specific positions and they require specific skills in the employees, the concept of recruiting a competent workforce may become a prominent subject in the context of recruitment. On the other hand, in todaysâ€™ scenario having a competent workforce is organisational strength at strategic point of view.
Present paper is an attempt to provide an aid to recruiters by recruitment of competent workforce through developing a competency map for each of the positions. To achieve the objectives, the researchers have collected secondary data from various national and international journals, published reports, books, newspaper articles and websites of the organisations where competency based recruitment is followed. Researcher has applied relevant statistical tools and qualitative tools to analyse the gathered data.Keywords: Competency based recruitment, competent workforce, Competency map and Competency mapping etc.
In this study, effective atomic numbers (Zeff) and effective electron density (Neff) of inorganic nonlinear optical (NLO) materials such as Bab2O4 and LiNbO3 have been calculated and compared with the values obtained from the WinXCOM program in the energy range 356 keV to 1330 keV. It is observed that there is a good agreement between theoretical and experimental values. From the present work, it is observed that the variation of obtained values of all parameters strongly depends on the photon energy; it decreases or increases due to chemical composition and density of the sample. These samples have been studied extensively using transmission method with a view to utilize the material for radiation dosimetry. Effective atomic numbers (Zeff) and effective electron density (Neff) of two samples have been carried out and transmission curves have been plotted. The transmission curve shows the variation of two sample materials decreases with increasing photon energy. The results of this present study can be useful in diagnostic imaging, radiation dosimetry, and other technological applications.Keywords: Effective atomic number and effective electron density.
The response of germinatin defective spores in germination pathways with and without germinant were studied on Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) to explore the involvement of particular protein, which might have key role to enable the germination defective spores to germinate. The protein profile in core, cortex and coat of germinating spores in specific systems L-alanine(ALA system) and a combination of L-ala, glucose, fructose and potassium(AGFK system) along with and without germinant (alanine) was analyzed periodically. Gd160 strain use alanine as germinant in ALA system. Germinating spores of G160 showed the de novo synthesis of polypeptides with molecular weight of 53.5, 51.5, 47.8, 46 and 33.8 kDa in ALA system with alanine. While inhibition of 66, 65, 61, 31, 23 and 21 kDa was recorded. Germinating spores of Gd27 showed the synthesis of new proteins with molecular weight 61.8 (at initial stages of germination), 57.8, 56.5, 55, 53.2, 50.5, 48 and 47 kDa within 24 hours. While some proteins were inhibited such as 66, 56, 54.5, 46, 31, 15 and 12 kDa in AGFK system with alanine. In brief addition of or deletion of some proteins or even change in protein processing effects the sporulation process which directly or indirectly alter the germination responses. It exhibited a great variety, which indicate the involvement of different mechanisms in these strains.Keywords: ALA system, AGFK system, Bacillus spore, Alanine, Germination.
This paper studies the implications for implementation of Import parity pricing for Petroleum products in India. The study analysed the impact of hike in crude oil price and its impact on inflation and exchange rate of Indian rupee in two analytical periods 1970-77 and 2002-06 respectively, where import parity pricing regime was in implementation. The study also analysed the inelastic nature of demand for crude oil and the hysteria of exogenous factors and volatility. The findings of the study will certainly contribute to the oil importing countries in their petroleum pricing policy and to reduce the impact of hike in petrol price on common man with a decisive pricing policy.Keywords: Import parity pricing, oil price shocks, exchange rate, CPI inflation, elasticity in oil prices, natural gas pricing.
The global challenges that necessitated the setting of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) identified priorities areas to be addressed within 15 years starting from Year 2000. Upon reaching the endpoint year, stocks of progress were taken to fashion out a way forward on how to consolidate on the gains of MDGs. This led to the idea of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This paper explored key areas of urban planning concerns in the MDG and SDG and identify possible collaboration efforts of urban planners and other stakeholders in Nigeria for the success of the SDG. Specifically, literature was reviewed on the global efforts of goal 7 of the MDG and areas of goal 11 of the SDG requiring urban planning intervention and collaboration. Findings show that other than robust policy framework, Nigeria still lag behind even within the scope of Africa in the attainment of these goals and their associated targets. The synergy between urban planners in public service, community and non-governmental organisations/development agencies, the organised private sector, and professional bodies has been explored as a key contrivance to a successful implementation of the SDGs.Keywords: Synergy, Urban Planning, Sustainable Development Goals.
Researcher want to study the â€œAccounting Software Uses, Maintenance of Accounting, Reasons for employing personal for accounting and Mode of Accounting through computerâ€ by the wholesalers and retailers in selected three cities i.e. 1) from Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Silvassa City (Capital City of UT), 2) from Union Territory of Daman and Diu, only Daman City (District) and 3) from Gujarat state: South Gujaratâ€™ Vapi City (Taluka: Vapi, District: Valsad, South Gujarat). This all three cities located in between South Gujarat and Maharashtra states in surrounding area of less than 40 km. for that questionnaire is prepared of 300 wholesalers and retailer respondent response is taken from selected cities regarding the subjects and full research methodology and data collection and analysis. Interpretation is given after various hypotheses testing at last in conclusion various suggestions and recommendations is included for the betterment of wholesale and retail business men. At last references is given.Keywords: Wholesale Business, Retail Business, Accounting Software Uses, Maintenance of Accounting, Reasons for Employing Personal Accounting, Mode of Accounting through Computer.
A field experiment was conducted during during 2013 to 2014 at the Horticulture farm, School of Agricultural sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus to evaluate the performance of Gladiolus grandiflorus cv. White Prosperity with the fertilization of phosphorus (0, 150, 200 and 250 kg/ha). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replication. Application of phosphorus at 200 kg ha-1 significantly took minimum days to spike emergence (30.65 days), maximum numbers of leave at spike emergence (10.30), tallest plant (79.63 cm) and largest leaf area (113.63 cm2), minimum days to spike emergence (65.48 days) as well as first floret opening (78.13 days), largest floret size (10.22 cm), longest rachis (43.08 cm), longest inter nodal length between two floret (4.05 cm), maximum number of florets per spike (15.48), longest spike length (111.57 cm) and maximum vaselife (12.65 days). The data show that phosphorus @ 200 kg ha-1 show significant effect on both growth and flowering of Gladiolus grandiflorus cv. White Prosperity.Keywords: Phosphorus, gladiolus, growth, flowering.
Pattern recognition has become more popular in the coming years and itâ€™s applied in the wider areas of research. The application areas spread into medicine, bioinformatics, data mining, speech recognition, handwriting recognition, face recognition, objects in satellite images and many others. In the present research paper we have studied terminologies named as pattern, pattern recognition system and existing pattern recognition models used in pattern recognition system. We also studied and practically implemented integrated functionality of statistical and template matching models to get better pattern recognition rate. Based on the results it has been proved that use of integrated functionality of statistical and template matching pattern recognition model gives better results as compared to existing pattern recognition models.Keywords: Pattern recognition System, statistical, structural, template matching, neural network, ISTM model.