With complete access to international trade, India is completely able to adjust to the new trends and ensure good packaging and efficient transportation in the case of handicraft industries. To change the bracket of international trade, India has recently attempted to emphasize upon the local trade to focus upon the small-scale handicraft markets and bring it up to the level of the international markets, as can be seen in international platforms such as IHGF. But one recurrent problem that has always been noticed in the Indian exports is the lack of a proper methodological way of presenting the right product to the right markets. In the heyday of the trade products, where even the other countries can manage to sell the same ethnic products such as saris, one must consider if the lot of innovative ideas for better sales is merely relegated to show off new fusion and ethnic designs, to add to the appeal of the exotic and the oriental. The focus of this paper is to look toward alternative and cost-cutting ways through which the small-time traders could achieve relative progress, such as better packaging of their fragile products, and utilizing the ethnic factor to suit the contemporary tastes, such as effecting religious images unto technological devices, etc. With a detailed analysis unto the ways of international market segmentation, the paper will verify if such modifications in accordance to various cultural contexts is beneficial in the long run, and if so, to what extent would the compromise on part of the generational vyapari would occur in terms of the rising bulk demands in the Middle East and the Western regions.Keywords: Indian International Trade, Indian vyapari, market segmentation, ethnicity, cultural demand.
To the developing nations, development remains vital, and most government policies are geared towards improving the development level. As a developing nation, Nigeria, in an attempt to meet the million development goals, came up with NEEDS at the federal level, SEEDS at the state level, and LEEDS at the local government levels. In line with the national policy framework, the Akwa Ibom State government set up committees in all the Local Governments to bring up a local government development blueprint using the national and state framework for the local government areas. This paper seeks to assess the implementation of this policy framework in Akwa Ibom State. From the different sectors, health and education sectors were used for the study. The theoretical framework adopted for this study is the implementation theory. Data for the study were sourced from primary and secondary sources. Three local government Areas were randomly selected for the study. The finding indicates that there is a problem of continuity with some government policies. Also, the continuous operation of local government joint accounts, among others, affected the implementation of the policy. Accordingly, it recommended that local governments be granted autonomy so that they will not be an appendage of the state government, and effort should be made to encourage continuity in Government.Keywords: Development, Education, Health, Policy, and Policy Implementation.
The world's most used construction material is concrete comprised of cement, aggregate, water, and added substances as it is seen as progressively flexible, tough, and dependable. Concrete is the second most useful material after water, which required huge amounts of Portland cement. The manufacturing procedure of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) emits a lot of CO2 which is very harmful to the environment. The amount of carbon emission is increasing day by day hence have to find an alternative of cement concrete. Geopolymer concrete is the best alternative of Portland cement which is manufactured by organic compound molecules. Fly Ash, is a measurable component of geopolymer concrete which is available in a lot of amounts. Fly ash is a waste by-product of thermal power plant its is easily accessible around world. Fly ash is rich in silica and alumina which when mix with alkaline activators makes and binding material knows as alumina silicate gel. This is the best alternative for construction material in place of Portland cement concrete. Geopolymer concrete a greener substitute for normal Portland concrete cement. This paper tells about the constituents of geopolymer concrete, its quality, and its applications.Keywords: Geopolymer Concrete, Fly Ash, Strength, Applications.
In the field of civil engineering beams, girders, columns and other structural members facing cyclic loading, “fatigue” happens to be one of the most important threat and thus has been taken into consideration simultaneously throughout the technical development of the field. Due to fatigue the structural shape is hindered with passing of time and this causes safety concerns. In this research paper, the fatigue analysis of an I beam is carried out. The analysis is performed via software approach using Ansys Workbench. All the basic parameters have been taken into consideration.Keywords: Fatigue, Ansys, Finite Element Method.
In this study micro-silica was used in concrete paving block as a partial substitute of cement. Fresh, mechanical and durability properties of concrete paving blocks is investigated int this study. For this study, micro-silica was replaced with cement, at replacement rates of 2.5% ,5% ,7.5% and 10% (by weight). The result shows that the workability of concrete is decreased with increase in replacement percentage of cement with micro-silica. The compressive strength test at 28 days showed the highest compressive strength at 2.5% replacement showed increase in 21% of strength of control mix. The results of mechanical property tests showed that the specimen with 5% micro-silica showed comparable performance to that of the control concrete sample. Test results of water absorption and water penetration of all the mixes is less than that of control concrete paving blocks.Keywords: Concrete Paver blocks, Durability Properties, Micro-silica, Mechanical properties, fresh concrete properties.